This monograph is inserted in the research line social history, to know and identity. In this research we intend to reconstitute aspects of the history of the city of Ribeira, located in the State of So Paulo. Ribeira was palco of important moments of the Brazilian Republic, more necessarily in years 30 and 70. The Atlantic bush, caves and rivers, that had sheltered some revolutionaries and the repression force, continue preserved until the current days. According to Gil, research is a rational and systematic procedure that has for objective to provide answers to the problems that are considered (1999, P. 159). Of this form, we intend to understand the place of the city of Ribeira in uncurling of the facts above pointed. The city of Ribeira is located in the region of the High Valley of the Ribeira.
It is area of ambient preservation and also of strong presence of communities quilombolas, bringing the memory of the slavery in the region. The escravista regimen lasted during many years in the valley of the Green Sugar cane, having occurred you vary slaughters between slaves, sequiosos of its freedom and gentlemen who needed the black arm for its farms. A marcante note of the use of the slave in Ribeira is a chapel constructed in ‘ ‘ adobe’ ‘ that Portuguese style still exists today with a torreo, leaving to be transparent perfectly, the enslaved work of that time. It has important rivers, being the main o river Ribeira. It is limited with the cities of Apia, Itaoca, Itapirapu Paulista and Adrianpolis, this last one in the State of the Paran. It has few research on the history of the city of Ribeira and its importance in the regional and national context. This research has the pretension to contribute for the magnifying of the historical knowledge of Ribeira. From years 80, the historiografia comes incorporating new citizens to the historical explanation.