Already between the aged ones, the atmospheric pollution has been associated to the increase of the morbidade (internment) and mortality in such a way for respiratory illnesses how much for cardiovascular illnesses (MARTINS et al., 2003). The diagnosis is based on clinical history and evaluation of physical examination of the patient through auscultates of the lung with the objective to identify to sounds as snores, chiados and other noises that can indicate the pneumonia presence. They are requested rays-x and cat scan of the thorax to confirm the presence of the illness as well as the localization and extension. Requested also complementary examinations the example of hemocultura, hemograma, urea, electrolytes, glicemia, urea and creatinina; transaminases, microbiology of escarro and others (ROCK et al., 2000). For in such a way, it is necessary that the assistance given to this customer is emphasized in the therapeutical one indicated. When receiving the patient with pneumonia, knows in such a way to evaluate the signals and symptoms in the emergenciais situations of attendance, how much also during the treatment in the hospital environment.
He fulfills to be intent to the clinical manifestations, as well as observing the complications decurrent of the pneumonia and, if possible, identifying precociously. Of this form, subsidies will be supplied the planning of therapeutical (the SMELTZER; BARE, 2005). The carried through research is justified for being understood the necessity to know if the Profile epidemiologist of patients interned with pneumonia in Public Hospital in Is Luis-HARM. In this direction, importance is distinguished it to characterize the infections of the inferior respiratory treatment in children. To know the main infections of the respiratory treatment, detaching the pneumonia, being a serious illness and of distinct etiology, that it needs a diagnosis that classifies it how much its type, however its diagnosis normally is made only through clinical data and epidemiologists. They are situations that can harm the therapeutical one adopted for the professional.