Immanuel Kant

This battle between the truth claims of knowledge and faith would be only superficially understood you wanted to say that it will be decided in the middle ages in favor of the faith and in the modern era for the benefit of the knowledge. Even Hegel the philosophy warns to be edifying and the To bite bait of the Saints, while his contemporary Kierkegaard philosophy desperate, because he is from the outset on the ground of the Christian faith and to this belief. Kierkegaard’s radicalization of doubt to despair is based on the experience, the knowledge of himself not brings forth the belief, that there is no direct transition from an obvious finding truth to a historical truths. He has therefore the way of philosophic doubt on the outermost tip driven, a point from which there are only two ways: despair, or the leap of faith. This jump but still Lessing in his religion discussions as salto ironically denied mortale, is only possible if, like Kierkegaard, belief itself is a passion. Here a hermeneutic circle is based on, which is not hintergehbar: faith in faith.

Or Christian terms: philosophical skepticism leads only to the border of the faith, and this limit is only uberschreitbar, when grace and self-disclosure comes against the will of the people of God. The philosophy of Immanuel Kant is first in this tradition, which sought to preserve knowledge and faith before the decay in irreconcilable opposites. Exactly leads the peculiar way in which Kant solves this problem, but at the end: know and faith come apart. Knowledge and faith are with Kant referred to an own reality and get a this per own and independent sense, which is not mediated by the opposing term. Talk of knowledge and knowledge can be obtained makes sense only after Kant on objects of possible experience, and not in addition, while the attitude of faith only their sense of the practical, ethical reality. The limits of possible experience mark the limits of possible knowledge, and within these limits has the faith to find nothing, just as knowledge is to seek nothing which can never be subject to any experience, which Nevertheless the human imagination, necessary given its nature, is: God, freedom and immortality.

I had to stop so, says Kant, the knowledge, to get square to the faith. Even if post-Kantian philosophy, particularly Hegel and German romanticism, behind this insight by Kant again goes back-, remains the Kantian definition of knowledge and faith in the principle of dominant and determining to our present. It is for the enlightened everyday of in the modern era, of course, to recognise the faith in the area of private belief and to accept, as it is obvious that the belief in the philosophy and the Sciences has no place. Schopenhauer formulated by Kant’s position succinctly: philosophy is essentially world wisdom; your problem is the world. With this alone, she has to do it and let the gods alone expected but for them alone to be supported by left. For Catholic theology but, as well as for the religious fundamentalism of any coinage derived from knowledge and faith a common divine source, and because this source God in itself might not contradictory, so also faith and knowledge can not contradict each other; natural awareness and supernatural revelation are just two sides of the same Medal for this perspective. A synthesis between the demands of knowledge and faith can not speak of in our time so. The signs of the times rather in favour of the opposite: an once again breaking antithesis.